01. Physical capabilities/milestones achieved
A 43 to 45 weeks old child can run, walk, hop and has developed some more skills like skipping, jumping while running, climbing etc… He wants more time in playing and little bit stubborn too.
Drawing and colouring has become one of his/her favourite activities at preschool. Some children talk to themselves while drawing which is perfectly normal. They like books with lot of pictures. They can write first letters of alphabet like A,B,C but most of them cannot say or write the full alphabet. He/ she can do simple fine things like putting a clip on her hair, cutting a paper from a small scissors etc.
His/her speech expressive and faster than before as he can articulate words rapidly with bit more expanded vocabulary. They will continue on asking questions. Above all, they now know nursery rhymes. They’ll love when you sing along with them, may be dance along for those.
02. Psychological capabilities/milestones achieved (cognitive development)
He / she likes to make friends and boys may involve in fights too. Sex differentiation is encountered at this age. Some children are very shy and want themselves properly dressed. It is safe to advise your child regarding sexuality and protection. (not to let strangers touch your private parts)
Children of 43 months to 45 months age, have some idea about time but many cannot read a clock yet. They may try to explain an incident, event,a person or an animal including incidents of past and future.
Read a bedtime story to your child or talk about his/her day before bedtime. This will help you and your child to have a good bond and will make him feel very safe and secure.
Your child will stay awake for long during the day and needs a 1 hour to 1 ½ hour nap in the afternoon and at least 10 hours sleep at night.
You know children of this age like to watch cartoons and play games on computer or television. Limit his tv time for 1 ½ hours. Too much tv time will not only harm their eyes but also increase their mental stress. Try to negotiate with them and persuade them to stick to a proper time table.
Cooking with your child is an excellent experience. Simple work like, scraping coconut, peeling an onion, wash their plates, can be done by them. Helping their mom to lay the table can be fun for them and good practice for day to day life too.
03. Specific ailments/medical complications to look out for.
Be cautious while your child play outdoor. They will fall at anytime while running and climbing and will get themselves wounded often. Keeping a small first aid box at home definitely is an investment.
Use safe equipments when you involve your child in kitchen and household activities. Do not let them handle fire, electricity, machinery, very hot pans or hot water..
Your child’s dental care is one of the main ailment to look at. Let him use a soft fibre toothbrush and teach them how to brush their teeth at least twice a day. Do not allow him for too much sweets because the deciduous teeth (or baby teeth) are more vulnerable for decay than secondary teeth.
04. See the doctor if you see these symptoms
Vision problems,Poor speech and expression, Poor hearing, Improper walk or run, Joint pains, Rashes and allergies, Recurrent cough. Poor eye contact or Hyperactivity with aggressive behaviour are some of main problems that you need to see your health service provider.
05. Average height & weight
Refer to the child weight chart provided by the ministry of health before deciding whether your child is having the weight/height to match it’s age.