40 to 42 months

 

01. Physical capabilities/milestones achieved

 

A 40 to 42 weeks old child can run, walk, hop and plays games like throwing a ball and bringing it back again, hide and seek, catch and run etc. He helps mom to wash himself and dressing up. He still can not do the buttons and shoelaces.

 

A child of this age can colour drawings by crayons or colour pencils . His speech expressive and faster than before as he can articulate words rapidly with bit more expanded vocabulary. Now he or she may involve more in family talks. He may speak bad words if he hears such, so always mind your language when talking in front of your baby.

 

02. Psychological capabilities/milestones achieved (cognitive development)

 

He is fond of sharing toys and talking about them with friends. He can remember friends names too. He will keep on asking questions which may not be that important to you but it’s the way they gather knowledge and expand their boundaries of sense.

 

To develop your child’s thinking and logical capabilities, involve him in your work in the garden. let him water the flowers and grow small plants. Take him with you when you go shopping and let them put their toys in toy basket.

 

During family meal time, you can teach him how to eat and drink without spilling, proper use of cutlery and simple table manners.try to have at least one meal with all the family members around the table. This will ensure the family bond as well as your child’s happiness.

 

A kid of 40 months to 42 months may fuss to go to bed as he now knows that his parents stay awake more than him so he too wants to stay awake. Try a bedtime story or a lullaby to put them to bed at time. A child at this age needs a sleep around 10 to 12 hours including an evening nap of 1 ½ to 2 hours.

 

03. Specific ailments/medical complications to look out for

 

Accidents while playing outdoor is more from this age and above. So try to be cautious both at playschool and at home. Some communicable illnesses like chickenpox, respiratory tract infections and sore eyes are common among children where they will catch those from preschool often.

Always try to make his meals at home so that you can avoid diarrhoeal diseases which is another common problem. Teach him to wash hands following use of toilet, playing outside etc.

 

Autism and hyperactivity can be well evident at this age. If your baby tries to avoid crowd, avoid eye contact or will be irritated on simple things he might have autism spectrum disease. If he is too much active, aggressive and violent he may have an attention seeking behaviour or hyperactivity. If your child’s preschool teacher found any of these kind of behavioural change, you should see a child psychiatrist immediately.

 

04. See the doctor if you see these symptoms

 

Vision problems, Stammering, Improper walk or run. Joint pains, Rashes and allergies. Recurrent cough. Poor eye contact or hyperactivity with aggressive behaviour.

 

05. Average height & weight

 

Refer to the child weight chart provided by the ministry of health before deciding whether your child is having the weight/height to match it’s age.

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