Your baby moves its arms and legs quite actively. He cannot lift the head up while on his back. He also cannot turn his head. When he is on his tummy he can turn his head a bit. Your baby needs to spend time on its back in order to give its neck muscles some exercise to make them strong. He takes his fingers into the mouth frequently. Your baby has its eyes closed most of the time during the first week. Your baby can see objects placed directly in front of its eyes. It follows bright colored objects a little way to the left and right. Your baby passes dark green colored meconium first and as it breast feeds, its stools turn yellowish. Babies lose a bit of weight during the first week as the extra water filters out with urine. But by the end of the first week your baby gains the lost weight and regains his birth weight.
Your baby sleeps most of the time during the first week. This helps prevent a condition called sudden infant death syndrome. Although your baby stays awake for a short period only in the first week, its awake time will increase as weeks go by. Your baby can recognize you and tries to imitate what it sees intuitively. Your baby sees your facial features when held close and keeps mental tabs, which help him recognize you later. Your baby may smile, but this is thought to be spontaneous.
Your baby may have skin lesions soon after birth. It is difficult to describe and explain each of these lesion here. Some are normal and some are pathological. Your pediatrician examines the baby soon after birth to detect any abnormalities. If detected, he will inform you and offer a care plan. Structural developmental abnormalities become apparent during the first week. Babies can become yellowish after birth. This may be related to breast feeding, thyroid hormone levels and other conditions. Your pediatrician will recommend phototherapy if needed.
Keep an eye on your baby and clarify any doubts with your pediatrician. Yellowing of skin, rashes, spots, discolorations, alterations in breast feeding routine.
Refer to the child weight chart provided by the ministry of health before deciding whether your child is having the weight/height to match it’s age.